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Nanoparticle simulations of logarithmic creep and microprestress relaxation in concrete and other disordered solids

Masoero, E. and Di Luzio, G. 2020. Nanoparticle simulations of logarithmic creep and microprestress relaxation in concrete and other disordered solids. Cement and Concrete Research 137 , 106181. 10.1016/j.cemconres.2020.106181

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Abstract

Bažant's microprestress theory relates the logarithmic basic creep of concrete to power-law relaxation of heterogeneous eigenstresses at the nanoscale. However, the link between material chemistry, nanostructure, and microprestress relaxation, is not understood. To approach this, we use a simple model of harmonically interacting, packed nanoparticles, relaxing with and without external stress. Microprestresses are related to per-particle virial stress heterogeneities. Simulation results show that logarithmic creep and power-law microprestress relaxation emerge from generic deformation kinetics in disordered systems, which can occur in various materials and at various scales. When the interactions are matched to some mechanical properties of C–S–H at the 100 nm scale, the predicted microprestresses have similar magnitude as in Bažant's theory. The ability of our simulations to quantitatively link stress relaxation with nanostructure and chemistry-dependent interactions, provides a pathway to better characterise, extrapolate, and even engineer the creep behaviour of traditional and new concretes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0008-8846
Date of Acceptance: 26 July 2020
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 11:15
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144244

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