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Barriers and facilitators to shared decision-making in neonatal medicine: A systematic review and thematic synthesis of parental perceptions

Parish, Olivia, Williams, Denitza, Odd, David and Joseph-Williams, Natalie 2021. Barriers and facilitators to shared decision-making in neonatal medicine: A systematic review and thematic synthesis of parental perceptions. Patient Education and Counseling 10.1016/j.pec.2021.08.033
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Objectives Systematically review parental perceptions of shared decision-making (SDM) in neonatology, identifying barriers and facilitators to implementation. Methods Electronic database (Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Scopus) and follow-up searches were conducted to identify qualitative studies. Data were extracted, thematically analysed and synthesised. Results Searches yielded 2445 papers, of which 25 were included. Thematic analysis identified six key themes. Key barriers included emotional crises experienced in the NICU setting, lack of medical information provided to parents to inform decision-making, inadequate communication of information, poor relationships with caregivers, lack of continuity in care, and perceived power imbalances between HCPs and parents. Key facilitators included clear, honest and compassionate communication of medical information, caring and empathetic caregivers, continuity in care, and tailored approaches that reflected parent’s desired level of involvement. Conclusion The highly specialised environment, and the emotional crises experienced by parents impact significantly on their perceived capacity to engage in surrogate decision-making. Practice Implications Complex and multi-factorial interventions that address the training needs of HCPs, and the emotional, informational and decision support needs of parents are needed. SDM skills training, improved information delivery, and integrated emotional and decisional support could help parents to become more involved in SDM for their infant.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0738-3991
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 October 2021
Date of Acceptance: 24 August 2021
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2021 18:49

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