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Enhancing discovery of genetic variants for PTSD through integration of quantitative phenotypes and trauma exposure information

Maihofer, Adam X., Choi, Karmel W., Coleman, Jonathan R.I., Daskalakis, Nikolaos P., Denckla, Christy A., Ketema, Elizabeth, Morey, Rajendra A., Polimanti, Renato, Ratanatharathorn, Andrew, Torres, Katy, Wingo, Aliza P., Zai, Clement C., Aiello, Allison E., Almli, Lynn M., Amstadter, Ananda B., Andersen, Soren B., Andreassen, Ole A., Arbisi, Paul A., Ashley-Koch, Allison E., Austin, S. Bryn, Avdibegovic, Esmina, Borglum, Anders D., Babic, Dragan, Bkvad-Hansen, Marie, Baker, Dewleen G., Beckham, Jean C., Bierut, Laura J., Bisson, Jonathan I., Boks, Marco P., Bolger, Elizabeth A., Bradley, Bekh, Brashear, Meghan, Breen, Gerome, Bryant, Richard A., Bustamante, Angela C., Bybjerg-Grauholm, Jonas, Calabrese, Joseph R., Caldas-de-Almeida, J.M., Chen, Chia-Yen, Dale, Anders M., Dalvie, Shareefa, Deckert, Jürgen, Delahanty, Douglas L., Dennis, Michelle F., Disner, Seth G., Domschke, Katharina, Duncan, Laramie E., Kulenovic, Alma Dzubur, Erbes, Christopher R., Evans, Alexandra, Farrer, Lindsay A., Feeny, Norah C., Flory, Janine D., Forbes, David, Franz, Carol E., Galea, Sandro, Garrett, Melanie E., Gautam, Aarti, Gelaye, Bizu, Gelernter, Joel, Geuze, Elbert, Gillespie, Charles F., Goci, Aferdita, Gordon, Scott D., Guffanti, Guia, Hammamieh, Rasha, Hauser, Michael A., Heath, Andrew C., Hemmings, Sian M.J., Hougaard, David Michael, Jakovljevic, Miro, Jett, Marti, Johnson, Eric Otto, Jones, Ian, Jovanovic, Tanja, Qin, Xue-Jun, Karstoft, Karen-Inge, Kaufman, Milissa L., Kessler, Ronald C., Khan, Alaptagin, Kimbrel, Nathan A., King, Anthony P., Koen, Nastassja, Kranzler, Henry R., Kremen, William S., Lawford, Bruce R., Lebois, Lauren A.M., Lewis, Catrin, Liberzon, Israel, Linnstaedt, Sarah D., Logue, Mark W., Lori, Adriana, Lugonja, Bozo, Luykx, Jurjen J., Lyons, Michael J., Maples-Keller, Jessica L., Marmar, Charles, Martin, Nicholas G., Maurer, D., Mavissakalian, Matig R., McFarlane, Alexander, McGlinchey, Regina E., McLaughlin, Katie A., McLean, Samuel A., Mehta, Divya, Mellor, Rebecca, Michopoulos, Vasiliki, Milberg, William, Miller, Mark W., Morris, Charles Phillip, Mors, Ole, Mortensen, P.B., Nelson, Elliot C., Nordentoft, Merete, Norman, Sonya B., O'Donnell, Meaghan, Orcutt, Holly K., Panizzon, Matthew S., Peters, Edward S., Peterson, Alan L., Peverill, Matthew, Pietrzak, Robert H., Polusny, Melissa A., Rice, John P., Risbrough, Victoria B., Roberts, Andrea L., Rothbaum, Alex O., Rothbaum, Barbara O., Roy-Byrne, P., Ruggiero, Kenneth J., Rung, Ariane, Rutten, Bart P.F., Saccone, Nancy L., Sanchez, Sixto E., Schijven, Dick, Seedat, S., Seligowski, Antonia V., Seng, Julia S., Sheerin, Christina M., Silove, Derrick, Smith, Alicia K., Smoller, Jordan W., Sponheim, Scott R., Stein, Dan J., Stevens, Jennifer S., Teicher, Martin H., Thompson, Wesley K., Trapido, Edward, Uddin, Monica, Ursano, Robert J., Luella van den Heuvel, Leigh, Van Hooff, Miranda, Vermetten, Eric, Vinkers, Christiaan, Voisey, Joanne, Wang, Yunpeng, Wang, Zhewu, Werge, Thomas, Williams, Michelle A., Williamson, Douglas E., Winternitz, Sherry, Wolf, Christiane, Wolf, Erika J., Yehuda, Rachel, Young, Keith A., Young, Ross McD., Zhao, Hongyu, Zoellner, Lori A., Haas, Magali, Lasseter, Heather, Provost, Allison C., Salem, Rany M., Sebat, Jonathan, Shaffer, Richard A., Wu, Tianying, Ripke, Stephan, Daly, Mark J., Ressler, Kerry J., Koenen, Karestan C., Stein, Murray B. and Nievergelt, Caroline M. 2021. Enhancing discovery of genetic variants for PTSD through integration of quantitative phenotypes and trauma exposure information. Biological Psychiatry 10.1016/j.biopsych.2021.09.020
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Abstract

Background Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is heritable and a potential consequence of exposure to traumatic stress. Evidence suggests that a quantitative approach to PTSD phenotype measurement and incorporation of lifetime trauma exposure (LTE) information could enhance the discovery power of PTSD genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Methods GWAS on PTSD symptoms was performed in 51 cohorts followed by a fixed-effects meta-analysis (N = 182,199 European Ancestry participants). A GWAS of LTE burden was performed in the UK Biobank cohort (N = 132,988). Genetic correlations were evaluated with LD-score regression. Multivariate analysis was performed using Multi-Trait Analysis of GWAS. Functional mapping and annotation of leading loci was performed with FUMA. Replication was evaluated using the Million Veteran Program (MVP) GWAS of PTSD total symptoms. Results GWAS of PTSD symptoms and LTE burden identified 5 and 6 independent genome-wide significant loci, respectively. There was a 72% genetic correlation between PTSD and LTE. PTSD and LTE showed largely similar patterns of genetic correlation with other traits, albeit with some distinctions. Adjusting PTSD for LTE reduced PTSD heritability by 31%. Multivariate analysis of PTSD and LTE increased the effective sample size of the PTSD GWAS by 20% and identified 4 additional loci. Four out of these 9 PTSD loci were independently replicated in MVP. Conclusion Through using a quantitative trait measure of PTSD, we identify novel risk loci not previously identified using prior case/control analyses. PTSD and LTE have a high genetic overlap that can be leveraged to increase discovery power through multivariate methods.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0006-3223
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 October 2021
Date of Acceptance: 21 September 2021
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2021 04:41
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144840

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