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Use of time to pregnancy in environmental epidemiology and surveillance

Joffe, Mike, Paranjothy, Shantini, Fielder, Hilary, Lyons, Ronan and Palmer, Stephen Royston 2008. Use of time to pregnancy in environmental epidemiology and surveillance. Journal of Public Health 30 (2) , pp. 178-185. 10.1093/pubmed/fdn005

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Background Potential sources of environmental pollution, such as incinerators or landfill sites, can adversely affect reproduction and/or development. Time to pregnancy (TTP) is a validated measure of biological fertility that can be studied with relatively small populations. Methods Pregnant local residents living within 3 km of a landfill site (‘exposed’ group, n = 200) or elsewhere in the Rhondda valleys (‘unexposed’ group, n = 400) were interviewed by health visitors or midwives. The response rate was 83%. Results No difference was found in the TTP distributions between the exposed and unexposed groups. Relationships of TTP with covariates were consistent with the literature. Conclusions In a context of public and scientific concern about possible reproductive toxicity, an interview study of TTP was highly acceptable to local women. A large enough sample to generate stable TTP distributions was readily achieved.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental epidemiology ; Fertility ; Fecundity ; Landfill ; Reproduction ; Time to pregnancy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1741-3842
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 23:00

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