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Nitric oxide exerts distinct effects in local and systemic infections with Streptococcus pneumoniae

Kerr, A. R., Wei, Xiao-Qing, Andrew, P. W. and Mitchell, T. J. 2004. Nitric oxide exerts distinct effects in local and systemic infections with Streptococcus pneumoniae. Microbial Pathogenesis 36 (6) , pp. 303-310. 10.1016/j.micpath.2004.02.001

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Nitric oxide (NO) is known to be involved in the immune response against a range of organisms. Little is known about the effects of nitric oxide in pneumococcal infections. We have now investigated the role of nitric oxide in local and systemic infections caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in NOS2 deficient mice. Although a deficiency in NO does not affect survival of mice during pneumococcal pneumonia, NO does control pneumococcal viability within the lung airways and tissue. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from NOS2-deficient mice contained significantly elevated TNF activity, IFNγ and total protein during mid/late infection. Incubation of S. pneumoniae with the NO donor SNAP revealed a direct anti-pneumococcal effect for NO in vitro. Deficiency in NOS2 did not affect bacteraemia following intranasal infection. In contrast NOS2-deficient mice were significantly less susceptible to intravenous infection with S. pneumoniae than were wild type mice and were able to control pneumococcal viability within the bloodstream. Our results indicate that NO is required within the lungs for anti-bacterial activity during the pneumococcal pneumonia but during Gram-positive bacteraemia NO is associated with increased bacterial loads and reduced survival.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Streptococcus pneumoniae; Nitric oxide; Gram-positive sepsis; Cytokines
Publisher: Elsevier
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:16

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