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The New Life Movement at war: wartime mobilisation and state control in Chongqing and Chengdu, 1938-1942

Ferlanti, Federica 2012. The New Life Movement at war: wartime mobilisation and state control in Chongqing and Chengdu, 1938-1942. European Journal of East Asian Studies 11 (2) , pp. 187-12. 10.1163/15700615-20121104

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The New Life Movement is remembered in Chinese history primarily as the movement which Chiang Kai-shek launched in Jiangxi province in 1934 to change Chinese people’s habits. This paper makes a different case: it argues that the New Life Movement and its organisations were central into the Nationalist Government’s wartime mobilisation, and that the involvement of the civil servants through the NLM prevented the disintegration of society and administrative institutions under the impact of the war. This paper focuses on Chongqing and Chengdu between 1938 and 1942 and draws on archival materials and official reports to assess the scope of the Nationalists’ wartime mobilisation. It analyses the involvement of the NLM organisations in the fundraising effort, in the mobilisation of women civil servants, and in the organisation of relief work in the first phase of the war and challenge the long-held view that the Nationalists’ wartime mobilisation was insubstantial.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords: war against Japan (1937-1945); New Life Movement; Nationalist Government; wartime effort and mobilisation; civil servants
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
ISSN: 1568-0584
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:26

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