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Visible-light sensitisation of near-infrared luminescence from Yb(iii), Nd(iii) and Er(iii) complexes of 3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)tetrazine

Shavaleev, Nail M., Pope, Simon J. A., Bell, Zöe R., Faulkner, Stephen and Ward, Michael D. 2003. Visible-light sensitisation of near-infrared luminescence from Yb(iii), Nd(iii) and Er(iii) complexes of 3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)tetrazine. Dalton Transactions 2003 (5) , pp. 808-814. 10.1039/b300294b

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Reaction of the potentially bis-bidentate bridging ligand 3,6-bis(2-pyridyl)tetrazine (BPTZ) with various lanthanide complexes [Ln(tta)3(H2O)2] [Htta = thenoyl(trifluoro)acetone; Ln = La, Nd, Gd, Er, Yb] in aqueous ethanol afforded the mononuclear complexes [Ln(tta)3(BPTZ)] (Ln = La, Nd) or the dinuclear complexes [{Ln(tta)3}2(μ-BPTZ)] (Ln = Gd, Er, Yb) in which one or two, respectively, lanthanide tris-diketonate {Ln(tta)3} units are bound to the N,N-bidentate compartments of BPTZ. Crystal structures of the dinuclear complexes [{Yb(tta)3}2(μ-BPTZ)]·CH2Cl2 and [{Gd(tta)3}2(μ-BPTZ)]·2CH2Cl2 show that the metal centres have an approximately square-antiprismatic eight-coordinate geometry; there are close contacts above and below the plane of the BPTZ bridging ligand between peripheral trifluoromethyl groups from a tta ligand associated with each metal centre. It is not apparent why the larger lanthanides La and Nd only give a mononuclear complex whereas the smaller lanthanides Gd, Er and Yb give the dinuclear complex in each case. UV/Vis spectroscopic titrations of a solution of BPTZ in CH2Cl2 with increasing amounts of [Ln(tta)3(H2O)2] (Ln = La and Yb) show very similar behaviour, with stepwise binding constants K1 and K2 for association of the two {Ln(tta)3} units of ca. 106 M−1 and 105 M−1; allowing for the expected statistical factor of 4 there is an additional reduction in the value of K2 compared to K1 which may be associated with a steric interaction between the two {Ln(tta)3} units when the dinuclear complex forms. Steady-state and time-resolved luminescence studies on the complexes with Yb, Nd and Er, both in the solid state and CH2Cl2 solution, show that near-IR luminescence on the microsecond timescale can be sensitised by irradiation either at 337 nm into the tta-based transition, or at 520 nm into the low-energy BPTZ-centred transition.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: RSC
ISSN: 1477-9226
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:37

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