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Elastic behavior and vibrational anharmonicity of a bulk Pd40Ni40}P20 metallic glass

Lambson, E., Lambson, W., MacDonald, John Emyr, Gibbs, M., Saunders, G. and Turnbull, D. 1986. Elastic behavior and vibrational anharmonicity of a bulk Pd40Ni40}P20 metallic glass. Physical Review B 33 (4) , pp. 2380-2385. 10.1103/PhysRevB.33.2380

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The elastic behavior has been studied of a bulk metallic glass of composition Pd40Ni40P20, prepared by the recently developed technique of slow cooling from a dehydrated flux of boric oxide in an ultraclean environment. A large ratio (BS/μ=4.56) of the bulk to shear moduli and a large Poisson’s ratio (0.40) at room temperature indicate intrinsic softening of transverse acoustic phonons. Pulse-echo-overlap measurements have been made of both ultrasonic modes between 4.2 and 293 K. Both C11 and C44 decrease with temperature and show enhanced stiffening at low temperatures which can be associated with two-level systems. To examine nonlinear acoustic properties of a metallic glass the hydrostatic pressure dependence of the ultrasonic wave velocities has been measured. Both dBS/dP (=7.52) and dC44/dP (=1.0) are positive, showing that the modes stiffen under hydrostatic pressure in the normal way. The results are used to examine quantitatively the vibrational anharmonicity of a metallic glass by recourse to the mode Grüneisen parameters (γl=3.20, γt=2.23). The mean long-wavelength acoustic mode Grüneisen parameter γ¯ Hel(=2.59) at room temperature is comparable with the thermal Grüneisen parameter γHth (=2.24). In general, the temperature and pressure dependences of the elastic constants show that metallic glasses, unlike many SiO2-based insulating glasses, have elastic and anharmonic properties similar in kind to the crystalline state (in this case to the component transition metals ni

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 0163-1829
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:54

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