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Characterization of the interface between normal and transformed epithelial cells [Letter]

Hogan, Catherine, Dupré-Crochet, Sophie, Norman, Mark, Kajita, Mihoko, Zimmermann, Carola, Pelling, Andrew E., Piddini, Eugenia, Baena-López, Luis Alberto, Vincent, Jean-Paul, Itoh, Yoshifumi, Hosoya, Hiroshi, Pichaud, Franck and Fujita, Yasuyuki 2009. Characterization of the interface between normal and transformed epithelial cells [Letter]. Nature Cell Biology 11 (4) , pp. 460-467. 10.1038/ncb1853

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In most cancers, transformation begins in a single cell in an epithelial cell sheet1, 2, 3. However, it is not known what happens at the interface between non-transformed (normal) and transformed cells once the initial transformation has occurred. Using Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells that express constitutively active, oncogenic Ras (RasV12) in a tetracycline-inducible system, we investigated the cellular processes arising at the interface between normal and transformed cells. We show that two independent phenomena occur in a non-cell-autonomous manner: when surrounded by normal cells, RasV12 cells are either apically extruded from the monolayer, or form dynamic basal protrusions and invade the basal matrix. Neither apical extrusion nor basal protrusion formation is observed when RasV12 cells are surrounded by other RasV12 cells. We show that Cdc42 and ROCK (also known as Rho kinase) have vital roles in these processes. We also demonstrate that E-cadherin knockdown in normal cells surrounding RasV12 cells reduces the frequency of apical extrusion, while promoting basal protrusion formation and invasion. These results indicate that RasV12-transformed cells are able to recognize differences between normal and transformed cells, and consequently leave epithelial sheets either apically or basally, in a cell-context-dependent manner.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute (ECSCRI)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1465-7392
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:21

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