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Introduction: Demarcation socialized: constructing boundaries and recognizing difference

Evans, Robert John 2005. Introduction: Demarcation socialized: constructing boundaries and recognizing difference. Science, Technology & Human Values 30 (1) , pp. 3-16. 10.1177/0162243904270713

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Given what we know about the nature of knowledge and scientific work it no longer makes sense to think of scientific knowledge as demarcated from “ordinary” knowledge through its methods or the characteristics of the scientific community. As the social studies of science have shown, boundaries become ambiguous when viewed close up so that science merges with ordinary knowledge. But does this mean that distinctions between knowledge claims rest on nothing more than social conventions, powerful as these might be? The articles in this special issue address this question from a variety of perspectives, while this introduction sets out this broader framework and highlights the themes that unite the individual articles. Our central argument is that although boundary work is difficult, complex, and contingent, it is too important to be left to chance or tradition. We need to rescue expertise from the antiessentialist consensus that there is nothing but attribution.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Centre for the Study of Knowledge Expertise and Science (KES)
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
Uncontrolled Keywords: expertise; demarcation criteria; boundary work; science; nonscience
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 0162-2439
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2017 08:20

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