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Electrosurgical vessel sealing

Wyatt, Hayley Louise 2014. Electrosurgical vessel sealing. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Electrosurgical vessel sealing devices have been demonstrated to reduce patient blood loss and operative time during surgery. Whilst the benefits of such devices are widely reported there is still a large variation in the quality of the seal produced, with factors such as vessel size known to effect seal quality. The study aimed to investigate parameters affecting device performance and improve the seal quality. The burst pressure test was used to assess the seal quality and tissue adhesion was measured using a peel test. Additionally histology techniques were used to quantify vessel morphology and found that with an increase in elastin content there was a reduction in seal quality. A number of device modifications were made, testing a selection of non-stick coatings and surface features of the shims. No coating reduced the level of tissue adhesion to the device, but results found that with a greater level of adhesion there was a reduction in seal quality. Considering the different surface features one design, a combination of longitudinal and transverse grooves, resulted in a seal failure rate of 0.0%, a significant improvement in device performance. Two FEM’s were produced to further investigate the device modifications; one in FEBio investigating the mechanical aspects of vessel sealing and the second a multiphysics model to investigate the thermal aspects of vessel sealing. Results from both FEM’s showed a difference in shim performance, with the addition of surface features effecting the stress distribution within the vessel wall and the heat distribution. Additionally DIC was used to capture the vessel sealing process, with results showing each seal was produced in a different way with different levels of tissue contraction. Research conducted demonstrated a number of significant relationships between seal quality and vessel properties, but did not find an explanation for all variation occurring.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrosurgical Devices; Vessels; Morphology; Finite Element Modelling; Multiphysics; DIC (Digital Image Correlation).
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:25

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