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Genetic diversity and subdivision of 57 European and Middle-Eastern sheep breeds

Peter, C., Bruford, Michael William, Perez, T., Dalamitra, S., Hewitt, G. and Erhardt, G. 2007. Genetic diversity and subdivision of 57 European and Middle-Eastern sheep breeds. Animal Genetics 38 (1) , pp. 37-44. 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2007.01561.x

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The population structure and genetic diversity of 57 European and Middle Eastern marginal and cosmopolitan sheep breeds from 15 countries were analysed by typing 31 microsatellite markers. Mean unbiased expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.63 in British Exmoor Horn to 0.77 in Albanian Ruda. South-eastern European and Middle-Eastern sheep breeds were significantly more variable than northwestern and western European breeds. An overall heterozygote deficiency (f) across all loci was observed (P < 0.001), while genetic differentiation (theta) was 5.7%. Principal component analysis and Bayesian model-based clustering indicate a south-east to north-west cline, but also revealed distinct groups of Middle-Eastern fat-tailed sheep, south-eastern European sheep and north-western/western European sheep. Within the last group, two less-distinct clusters comprised the Merino-type and Alpine breeds respectively. The incomplete demarcations of most clusters probably reflects cross-breeding and/or upgrading.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Sustainable Places Research Institute (PLACES)
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0268-9146
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:32

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