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An early transient current is associated with hyposmotic swelling and volume regulation in embryonic chick cardiac myocytes

Hall, Sarah K., Zhang, J. and Lieberman, M. 1997. An early transient current is associated with hyposmotic swelling and volume regulation in embryonic chick cardiac myocytes. Experimental Physiology 82 (1) , pp. 43-54. 10.1113/expphysiol.1997.sp00401

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Abstract

Hyposmotically induced changes in membrane conductance were measured in embryonic chick cardiac myocytes using conventional and perforated patch-clamp recording techniques; simultaneous measurements of cell volume were made from the video image of the voltage-clamped cell. Hyposmotic challenge was associated with a rapid, transient current coincident with the onset of cell swelling; cell volume subsequently recovered towards control values (regulatory volume decrease; RVD). The transient swelling-induced current (I(swell)) reversed at +15 mV, and was not found to be carried exclusively by any single ion in the physiological solutions. I(swell) was abolished by gadolinium (Gd3+), a blocker of stretch-activated ion channels, and was absent when the cytoskeleton was disrupted by treatment with cytochalasin B. I(swell) was also prevented when intracellular [Ca2+] was buffered with BAPTA AM. Under those experimental conditions which prevented the generation of I(swell), cell volume regulation failed so that the cells remained swollen in hyposmotic solution. Our data reveal a functional relationship between I(swell) and RVD, whereby I(swell) is a necessary prerequisite, although not exclusively sufficient, for volume recovery following cell swelling. We propose that I(swell) is an important early signalling event which activates subsequent mechanisms to regulate cell volume.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0958-0670
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 07:53
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/69543

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