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SCUBA: a common-user submillimetre camera operating on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope

Holland, W. S., Robson, E. I., Gear, Walter Kieran, Cunningham, C. R., Lightfoot, J. F., Jenness, T., Ivison, R. J., Stevens, J. A., Ade, Peter A. R., Griffin, Matthew Joseph, Duncan, W. D., Murphy, J. A. and Naylor, D. A. 1999. SCUBA: a common-user submillimetre camera operating on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 303 (4) , pp. 659-672. 10.1046/j.1365-8711.1999.02111.x

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SCUBA, the Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array, built by the Royal Observatory Edinburgh for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, is the most versatile and powerful of a new generation of submillimetre cameras. It combines a sensitive dual-waveband imaging array with a three-band photometer, and is sky-background-limited by the emission from the Mauna Kea atmosphere at all observing wavelengths from 350 μμto 2 mm. The increased sensitivity and array size mean that SCUBA maps close to 10 000 times faster than its single-pixel predecessor (UKT14). SCUBA is a facility instrument, open to the world community of users, and is provided with a high level of user support. We give an overview of the instrument, describe the observing modes, user interface and performance figures on the telescope, and present a sample of the exciting new results that have revolutionized submillimetre astronomy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: instrumentation: detectors; telescopes; dust, extinction; radio continuum: galaxies; radio continuum: ISM; radio continuum: stars
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at (accessed 20/02/2014).
Publisher: Royal Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:00

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