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Evaluation of prototype 100mK bolometric detector for Planck Surveyor

Sudiwala, Rashmikant V., Maffel, B., Griffin, Matthew, Haynes, C. V., Ade, Peter A. R., Bhatia, R. S., Turner, A. D., Bock, J. J., Lange, A. E. and Beeman, J. W. 2000. Evaluation of prototype 100mK bolometric detector for Planck Surveyor. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 444 (1-2) , pp. 408-412. 10.1016/S0168-9002(99)01410-2

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The High-Frequency Instrument (HFI) for the Planck Surveyor mission will measure anisotropies of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) down to scales of 6 arcmin and to an accuracy of ΔT/T=2×10−6. Channels ranging in frequency from 100 to 857 GHz will use 100 mK spider web bolometer detectors with NTD Ge thermistors. The detectors must be photon noise limited and fast enough to preserve signal information at the 1 r.p.m. scan rate of the satellite. The prime low-frequency CMB channels at 143 and 217 GHz are the most technically demanding owing to the lower background limited NEPs. For the 143 GHz channel the requirements are that the time constant τ<5.7 ms and the NEPbol <1.53×10−17 WHz−1/2 including contribution from amplifier noise. We present here thermal, electrical and optical data on a prototype detector which, although optimised for the 100 GHz channel, satisfies most of the requirements of the more demanding 143 GHz channel. The measurements are consistent with ideal thermal behaviour of the detector over the appropriate bias and temperature ranges for optimum performance. From optically blanked electrical measurements we determined the dependence of resistance and thermal conductance on temperature over a wide range, 70–200 mK. The optical responsivity and NEP were measured under photon background conditions similar to those expected in flight. Measurements of speed of response as a function of bias at different temperatures allowed us to determine the variation of total heat capacity with temperature. Extrapolation of these data show that in principal performance for all the Planck HFI channels can be met.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spider web bolometer; Planck HFI
Publisher: North Holland
ISSN: 0168-9002
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:00

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