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Enhanced and persistent levels of IL-17+CD4+ T cells and serum IL-17 in patients with early inflammatory arthritis

Gullick, N., Abozaid, H., Jayaraj, D., Evans, H., Scott, D., Choy, Ernest Ho Sing and Taams, L. 2013. Enhanced and persistent levels of IL-17+CD4+ T cells and serum IL-17 in patients with early inflammatory arthritis. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 174 (2) , pp. 292-301. 10.1111/cei.12167

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Prognosis of patients with early inflammatory arthritis (EIA) is highly variable. The aim of this study was to compare, longitudinally and cross-sectionally, the levels of cytokine-expressing cells in peripheral blood (PB) from patients with EIA to those in established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy controls (HC). PB mononuclear cells from HC (n=30), patients with EIA (n=20) or RA (n=38) were stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)/ionomycin for 3h, and stained for cell markers and cytokines. Serum cytokines and chemokines were measured by Luminex. Patients with EIA were reassessed at 6 and 12 months. The percentage of interleukin (IL)-17+interferon (IFN)-γ-CD4+ T cells [T helper type 17 (Th17)] was increased in RA and EIAversusHC. Serum IL-1β, IL-2, IL-4 IL-17 and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α were increased in RA and EIAversusHC. IL-1Ra, IL-15 and IFN-α were increased in EIAversusHC. IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α was increased in RA but not EIAversusHC. Disease activity scores in EIA patients improved over 12 months' treatment. Th17 percentage at baseline was correlated with both rheumatoid factor (RF) titre and functional deficit at 12 months. Baseline levels of serum granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-6 and IL-8 were correlated with Larsen score at 12 months. There were no significant changes in cytokine-expressing CD4+T cells over time, although the percentage of IL-6+ monocytes increased. IL-17+CD4+ T cells and serum IL-17 levels are increased in EIA. IL-6-expressing monocytes increase during the first year of disease, irrespective of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy. We observed incomplete clinical responses, suggesting EIA patients need more intensive early therapy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult; Aged; Antirheumatic Agents; Arthritis, Rheumatoid; Blood Proteins; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes; Cells, Cultured; Chemokine CCL3; Cross-Sectional Studies; Cytokines; Disease Progression; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; Humans; Interleukin-17; Male; Middle Aged; Th17 Cells; Treatment Outcome
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0009-9104
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:22

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