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Matriptase-2 inhibits breast tumor growth and invasion and correlates with favorable prognosis for breast cancer patients

Parr, Christian, Sanders, Andrew, Davies, Gaynor, Martin, Tracey, Lane, Jane, Mason, Malcolm, Mansel, Robert and Jiang, Wen 2007. Matriptase-2 inhibits breast tumor growth and invasion and correlates with favorable prognosis for breast cancer patients. Clinical Cancer Research 13 (12) , pp. 3568-3576. 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-06-2357

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Purpose: The type II transmembrane serine proteases are cell surface proteolytic enzymes that mediate a diverse range of cellular functions, including tumor invasion and metastasis. Matriptase (matriptase-1) and matriptase-2 belong to the type II transmembrane serine protease family. Matriptase-1 is known to play a role in breast cancer progression, and elevated levels of matriptase-1 correlate with poor patient outcome. The role of matriptase-2 and its cellular function in cancer is unknown. This study aimed to provide new insights into the significance of matriptase-2 in cancer. Experimental Design: Matriptase-2 expression levels were assessed in a cohort of human breast cancer specimens (normal, n = 34; cancer, n = 95), in association with patient clinical variables, using both quantitative and qualitative analysis of the matriptase-2 transcript along with immunohistochemical techniques. Matriptase-2 was also experimentally overexpressed in the MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line. The effects of matriptase-2 overexpression were examined through a series of in vitro and in vivo studies. Results: Here, we show that reduced matriptase-2 levels in breast cancer tissues correlate with an overall poor prognosis for the breast cancer patient. This study also reveals that matriptase-2 overexpression in breast cancer cells significantly suppressed tumorigenesis in CD1 athymic mice (P = 0.000003). Furthermore, we report that matriptase-2 overexpression dramatically reduced the invasive (P = 0.0001) and migratory properties (P = 0.01) of the breast cancer cells. Conclusions: Matriptase-2 suppresses breast tumor development in vivo, displays prognostic value for breast cancer patients, inhibits both breast cancer cell invasion and motility in vitro, and may play a contrasting role to matriptase-1 in breast cancer.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research
ISSN: 1078-0432
Date of Acceptance: 29 March 2009
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2021 13:51

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