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The Polarbear-2 and the Simons Array experiments

Suzuki, A., Ade, Peter A. R., Akiba, Y., Aleman, C., Arnold, K., Baccigalupi, C., Barch, B., Barron, D., Bender, A., Boettger, D., Borrill, J., Chapman, S., Chinone, Y., Cukierman, A., Dobbs, M., Ducout, A., Dunner, R., Elleflot, T., Errard, J., Fabbian, G., Feeney, S., Feng, C., Fujino, T., Fuller, G., Gilbert, A., Goeckner-Wald, N., Groh, J., Haan, T. De, Hall, G., Halverson, N., Hamada, T., Hasegawa, M., Hattori, K., Hazumi, M., Hill, C., Holzapfel, W., Hori, Y., Howe, L., Inoue, Y., Irie, F., Jaehnig, G., Jaffe, A., Jeong, O., Katayama, N., Kaufman, J., Kazemzadeh, K., Keating, B., Kermish, Z., Keskitalo, R., Kisner, T., Kusaka, A., Jeune, M. Le, Lee, A., Leon, D., Linder, E., Lowry, L., Matsuda, F., Matsumura, T., Miller, N., Mizukami, K., Montgomery, J., Navaroli, M., Nishino, H., Peloton, J., Poletti, D., Puglisi, G., Rebeiz, G., Raum, C., Reichardt, C., Richards, P., Ross, C., Rotermund, K., Segawa, Y., Sherwin, B., Shirley, I., Siritanasak, P., Stebor, N., Stompor, R., Suzuki, J., Tajima, O., Takada, S., Takakura, S., Takatori, S., Tikhomirov, A., Tomaru, T., Westbrook, B., Whitehorn, N., Yamashita, T., Zahn, A. and Zahn, O. 2016. The Polarbear-2 and the Simons Array experiments. Journal of Low Temperature Physics 184 (3) , pp. 805-810. 10.1007/s10909-015-1425-4

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We present an overview of the design and status of the Polarbear-2 and the Simons Array experiments. Polarbear-2 is a cosmic microwave background polarimetry experiment which aims to characterize the arc-minute angular scale B-mode signal from weak gravitational lensing and search for the degree angular scale B-mode signal from inflationary gravitational waves. The receiver has a 365 mm diameter focal plane cooled to 270 mK. The focal plane is filled with 7588 dichroic lenslet–antenna-coupled polarization sensitive transition edge sensor (TES) bolometric pixels that are sensitive to 95 and 150 GHz bands simultaneously. The TES bolometers are read-out by SQUIDs with 40 channel frequency domain multiplexing. Refractive optical elements are made with high-purity alumina to achieve high optical throughput. The receiver is designed to achieve noise equivalent temperature of 5.8 μ μ K CMB s √ CMBs in each frequency band. Polarbear-2 will deploy in 2016 in the Atacama desert in Chile. The Simons Array is a project to further increase sensitivity by deploying three Polarbear-2 type receivers. The Simons Array will cover 95, 150, and 220 GHz frequency bands for foreground control. The Simons Array will be able to constrain tensor-to-scalar ratio and sum of neutrino masses to σ(r)=6×10 −3 σ(r)=6×10−3 at r=0.1 r=0.1 and ∑m ν (σ=1) ∑mν(σ=1) to 40 meV.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0022-2291
Date of Acceptance: 8 December 2015
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2017 09:08

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