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Egr1 involvement in evening gene regulation by melatonin

Fustin, J. M., Dardente, H., Wagner, G. C., Carter, David Allan, Johnston, J. D., Lincoln, G. A. and Hazlerigg, D. G. 2009. Egr1 involvement in evening gene regulation by melatonin. Faseb Journal 23 (3) , pp. 764-773. 10.1096/fj.08-121467

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Seasonal photoperiodic responses in mammals depend on the pineal hormone melatonin. The pars tuberalis (PT) region of the anterior pituitary has emerged as a principal melatonin target tissue, controlling endocrine responses. Rising melatonin levels acutely influence the expression of a small cluster of genes either positively (exemplified by cryptochrome-1, cry1) or negatively (exemplified by the type 1 melatonin receptor, mt1). The purpose of this study was to characterize the pathways through which these evening actions of melatonin are mediated. In vitro experiments showed that cAMP signaling in the PT directly influences mt1 but not cry1 expression. Analysis of nuclear extracts from sheep PT tissue collected 90 min after melatonin or saline control injections highlighted the response element for the immediate early gene egr1 (EGR1-RE) as a candidate for acute melatonin-dependent transcriptional regulation. We identified putative EGR1-RE’s in the proximal promoter regions of the ovine cry1 and mt1 genes, and confirmed their functionality in luciferase reporter assays. Egr1 expression is suppressed by melatonin in PT cell cultures, and is rhythmic in the ovine PT with a nadir in the early night. We propose that melatonin-dependent effects on EGR1-RE’s contribute to evening gene expression profiles in this pituitary melatonin target tissue.—Fustin J. M., Dardente H., Wagner G. C., Carter D. A., Johnston J. D., Lincoln G. A., Hazlerigg D. G. Egr1 involvement in evening gene regulation by melatonin.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology
ISSN: 0892-6638
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:05

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