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Pathogenic copy number variants and SCN1A mutations in patients with intellectual disability and childhood-onset epilepsy

Fry, Andrew Evan, Rees, Elliott, Thompson, Rose, Mantripragada, Kiran, Blake, Penny, Jones, Glyn, Morgan, Sian, Jose, Sian, Mugalaasi, Hood, Archer, Hayley, McCann, Emma, Clarke, Angus John, Taylor, Clare, Davies, Sally, Gibbon, Frances, Te Water Naude, Johann, Hartley, Louise, Thomas, Gareth, White, Catharine, Natarajan, Jaya, Thomas, Rhys H., Drew, Cheney, Chung, Seo-Kyung, Rees, Mark I., Holmans, Peter Alan, Owen, Michael John, Kirov, George, Pilz, Daniela T. and Kerr, Michael Patrick 2016. Pathogenic copy number variants and SCN1A mutations in patients with intellectual disability and childhood-onset epilepsy. BMC Medical Genetics 17 , -. 10.1186/s12881-016-0294-2

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Background Copy number variants (CNVs) have been linked to neurodevelopmental disorders such as intellectual disability (ID), autism, epilepsy and psychiatric disease. There are few studies of CNVs in patients with both ID and epilepsy. Methods We evaluated the range of rare CNVs found in 80 Welsh patients with ID or developmental delay (DD), and childhood-onset epilepsy. We performed molecular cytogenetic testing by single nucleotide polymorphism array or microarray-based comparative genome hybridisation. Results 8.8 % (7/80) of the patients had at least one rare CNVs that was considered to be pathogenic or likely pathogenic. The CNVs involved known disease genes (EHMT1, MBD5 and SCN1A) and imbalances in genomic regions associated with neurodevelopmental disorders (16p11.2, 16p13.11 and 2q13). Prompted by the observation of two deletions disrupting SCN1A we undertook further testing of this gene in selected patients. This led to the identification of four pathogenic SCN1A mutations in our cohort. Conclusions We identified five rare de novo deletions and confirmed the clinical utility of array analysis in patients with ID/DD and childhood-onset epilepsy. This report adds to our clinical understanding of these rare genomic disorders and highlights SCN1A mutations as a cause of ID and epilepsy, which can easily be overlooked in adults.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: BioMed Central
ISSN: 1471-2350
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 April 2016
Date of Acceptance: 14 April 2016
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2019 12:03

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