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Lactose causes heart arrhythmia in the water flea Daphnia pulex

Campbell, Anthony Keith, Wann, Kenneth Taylor and Matthews, Stephanie Beatrix 2004. Lactose causes heart arrhythmia in the water flea Daphnia pulex. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 139 (2) , pp. 225-234. 10.1016/j.cbpc.2004.07.004

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The cladoceran Daphnia pulex is well established as a model for ecotoxicology. Here, we show that D. pulex is also useful for investigating the effects of toxins on the heart in situ and the toxic effects in lactose intolerance. The mean heart rate at 10 °C was 195.9±27.0 beats/min (n=276, range 89.2–249.2, >80% 170–230 beats/min). D. pulex heart responded to caffeine, isoproteronol, adrenaline, propranolol and carbachol in the bathing medium. Lactose (50–200 mM) inhibited the heart rate by 30–100% (K1/2=60 mM) and generated severe arrhythmia within 60 min. These effects were fully reversible by 3–4 h. Sucrose (100–200 mM) also inhibited the heart rate, but glucose (100–200 mM) and galactose (100–200 mM) had no effect, suggesting that the inhibition by lactose or sucrose was not simply an osmotic effect. The potent antibiotic ampicillin did not prevent the lactose inhibition, and two diols known to be generated by bacteria under anaerobic conditions were also without effect. The lack of effect of L-ribose (2 mM), a potent inhibitor of ?-galactosidase, supported the hypothesis that lactose and other disaccharides may affect directly ion channels in the heart. The results show that D. pulex is a novel model system for studying effects of agonists and toxins on cell signalling and ion channels in situ.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Uncontrolled Keywords: Daphnia pulex; Lactose intolerance; ?-Galactosidase; Heart; Arrhythmia
ISSN: 10964959
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2017 01:38

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