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Parent psychopathology and neurocognitive functioning in children with ADHD

Agha, Sharifah Shameem ORCID:, Zammit, Stanley ORCID:, Thapar, Anita ORCID: and Langley, Kate ORCID: 2020. Parent psychopathology and neurocognitive functioning in children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders 24 (13) , pp. 1836-1846. 10.1177/1087054717718262

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Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the association between parent mental health (ADHD and depression) and offspring performance on neurocognitive tasks in children with ADHD. Method: The clinical sample consisted of 570 children (85% males, mean age: 10.77 years) with ADHD who completed neurocognitive tasks measuring working memory, attention set-shifting, and motivational deficits. Questionnaire measures were used to assess ADHD and depression symptom presence in parents. Results: Controlling for ADHD severity, children of parents with ADHD had poorer working memory (B = −0.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] [−0.45, −0.07], p = .01) and increased errors on the extra dimensional shift stage of the set-shifting task (B = 0.26 95% CI [0.02, 0.50], p = .04). Parent depression was not associated with offspring performance on any of the assessed neurocognitive tasks. Conclusion: Children with ADHD who have a parent with ADHD symptom presence are a subgroup of children who may have additional neurocognitive impairments that have potential implications when implementing interventions that target cognition and learning.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADHD, neurocognitive functioning, parent ADHD, parent depression
Additional Information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Publisher: SAGE
ISSN: 1087-0547
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 May 2017
Date of Acceptance: 15 May 2017
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 07:04

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