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Optical response from terahertz to visible light of electronuclear transitions in LiYF4:Ho3+

Matmon, G., Lynch, Stephen Anthony ORCID:, Rosenbaum, T. F., Fisher, A. J. and Aeppli, G. 2016. Optical response from terahertz to visible light of electronuclear transitions in LiYF4:Ho3+. Physical Review B 94 (20) , 205132. 10.1103/PhysRevB.94.205132

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Because of its role as a model system with tunable quantum fluctuations and quenched disorder, and the desire for optical control and readout of its states, we have used high-resolution optical absorption spectroscopy to measure the crystal-field excitations for Ho3+ ions in LiHoxY1−xF4 from the terahertz to visible regimes. We show that many of the excitations yield very narrow lines visibly split even by the nuclear hyperfine interaction, making Ho3+ in LiHoxY1−xF4 a candidate host for optically addressable electronuclear qubits with quality factors as high as Q = 4.7 × 105, where the higher-lying levels are electronic singlets. Optical transitions in the easily accessible near- and mid-infrared are narrow enough to allow readout of the ground-state electronuclear qubits responsible for the interesting magnetism of LiHoxY1−xF4. While many of the higher-lying states have been observed previously, we also report here detailed spectra of terahertz excitations. The strengths of the electric and magnetic dipole crystal-field transition lines of five of the lowest excited spin-orbit manifolds of dilute LiYF4:Ho3+ were calculated and compared with measurement. The magnitude of the nuclear hyperfine coupling was used to assign the correct upper and lower states to transition lines.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 2469-9950
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 June 2017
Date of Acceptance: 25 October 2016
Last Modified: 06 May 2023 09:12

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