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Turbulent flow over an array of boulders placed on a rough, permeable bed

Liu, Yan, Stoesser, Thorsten ORCID:, Fang, Hongwei, Papanicolaou, Athanasios and Tsakiris, Achilleas G. 2017. Turbulent flow over an array of boulders placed on a rough, permeable bed. Computers & Fluids 158 , pp. 120-132. 10.1016/j.compfluid.2017.05.023

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Large eddy simulations (LES) of flow over wall-mounted boulders placed on a rough, permeable bed, composed of one layer of densely-packed spheres, are performed. This configuration is based on the experimental configuration reported in [A.N. Papanicolaou, C. Kramer, A. Tsakiris, T. Stoesser, S. Bomminayuni, Z. Chen, Effects of a fully submerged boulder within a boulder array on the mean and turbulent flow fields: implications to bedload transport, Acta Geophysica 60(6), 2012, pp. 1502–1546.] the data of which are used to validate the LES. A fairly good agreement between calculated and measured time-averaged streamwise velocity and turbulence intensity profiles is found confirming the accuracy of the simulation. Details of the time-averaged and instantaneous flow are revealed using various visualisation methods. The time-averaged flow is characterised by a symmetric pair of funnel vortices comprising the recirculation zone in the lee of the boulder. The funnel vortex is bounded by significant shear layers caused by high-momentum fluid filling the low momentum wake zone behind the boulder. Bed roughness and permeability appears to play an important role in this flow, it affects the near-bed velocity profiles and subsurface fluid is entrained into the low pressure zone behind the boulder, specifically into the funnel vortex, moreover surface-subsurface flow exchange in particular in the vicinity of the boulders disrupts the secondary flow in the wake. The instantaneous flow features various turbulence structures which are educed by means of isosurfaces of the Q-criterion. Shear layer roll-up leads to high-frequency shedding of roller vortices, which are subsequently stretched by the significant velocity gradients and deformed into a hairpin or horseshoe form. Vertical and horizontal shear layer flapping is revealed and quantified via vorticity contour plots and velocity spectra.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Large eddy simulation; Turbulent channel flow; Rough-bed hydrodynamics; Boulder
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0045-7930
Date of Acceptance: 26 May 2017
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2022 11:32

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