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Limits on dark radiation, early dark energy, and relativistic degrees of freedom

Calabrese, Erminia ORCID:, Huterer, Dragan, Linder, Eric V., Melchiorri, Alessandro and Pagano, Luca 2011. Limits on dark radiation, early dark energy, and relativistic degrees of freedom. Physical Review D 83 (12) , 123504. 10.1103/PhysRevD.83.123504

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Recent cosmological data analyses hint at the presence of an extra relativistic energy component in the early universe. This component is often parametrized as an excess of the effective neutrino number Neff over the standard value of 3.046. The excess relativistic energy could be an indication for an extra (sterile) neutrino, but early dark energy and barotropic dark energy also contribute to the relativistic degrees of freedom. We examine the capabilities of current and future data to constrain and discriminate between these explanations, and to detect the early dark energy density associated with them. We find that while early dark energy does not alter the current constraints on Neff, a dark radiation component, such as that provided by barotropic dark energy models, can substantially change current constraints on Neff, bringing its value back to agreement with the theoretical prediction. Both dark energy models also have implications for the primordial mass fraction of Helium Yp and the scalar perturbation index ns. The ongoing Planck satellite mission will be able to further discriminate between sterile neutrinos and early dark energy

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 1550-7998
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 October 2017
Date of Acceptance: 30 March 2011
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 13:50

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