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Dating and relationship violence among 16-19 year-olds in England and Wales: a cross-sectional study of victimisation

Young, Honor ORCID:, Turney, Catherine, White, James, Bonell, Chris, Lewis, Ruth and Fletcher, Adam ORCID: 2018. Dating and relationship violence among 16-19 year-olds in England and Wales: a cross-sectional study of victimisation. Journal of Public Health 40 (4) , pp. 738-746. 10.1093/pubmed/fdx139

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Background: Dating and relationship violence (DRV) is under-researched in the UK, especially among Further Education (FE) students. This study examines the association between DRV victimisation and sociodemographic characteristics, sexual identity and dating and relationship behaviours among 16-19 year-old FE students. Methods: Cross-sectional self-report data were collected from 1751 students aged 16-19 at six FE settings in England and Wales. Factor analysis examined the structure of DRV victimisation by gender. Multilevel logistic regression examined the odds ratios of DRV victimisation according to socio-demographics, sexual identity and dating behaviours. Results: DRV victimisation clusters into two categories for females, and three for males. Among females, 46.1% experienced controlling behaviours and 31.6% threatening behaviours; 49.9% of males experienced controlling behaviours, 27.1% threatening behaviours and 5.8% online sexual violence. The odds of DRV victimisation were 2-8 times greater for males and 2-4 times greater for females who had ever sent a sexually explicit image. No consistent association was found between DRV and age, spending money per week, educational attainment or meeting partners online. Conclusions: The high prevalence, absence of gender differences and social patterning suggests DRV victimisation may be becoming normalised and is of significant public health importance for young people in England and Wales.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1741-3842
Funders: Medical Research Council
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 October 2017
Date of Acceptance: 15 September 2017
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 09:35

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