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Synthetic CO, H2 and H I surveys of the second galactic quadrant, and the properties of molecular gas

Duarte Cabral, Ana ORCID:, Acreman, D. M., Dobbs, C. L., Mottram, J. C., Gibson, S. J., Brunt, C. M. and Douglas, K. A. 2015. Synthetic CO, H2 and H I surveys of the second galactic quadrant, and the properties of molecular gas. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 447 (3) , pp. 2144-2158. 10.1093/mnras/stu2586

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We present CO, H2, H I and HISA (H Iself-absorption) distributions from a set of simulations of grand design spirals including stellar feedback, self-gravity, heating and cooling. We replicate the emission of the second galactic quadrant by placing the observer inside the modelled galaxies and post-process the simulations using a radiative transfer code, so as to create synthetic observations. We compare the synthetic data cubes to observations of the second quadrant of the Milky Way to test the ability of the current models to reproduce the basic chemistry of the Galactic interstellar medium (ISM), as well as to test how sensitive such galaxy models are to different recipes of chemistry and/or feedback. We find that models which include feedback and self-gravity can reproduce the production of CO with respect to H2 as observed in our Galaxy, as well as the distribution of the material perpendicular to the Galactic plane. While changes in the chemistry/feedback recipes do not have a huge impact on the statistical properties of the chemistry in the simulated galaxies, we find that the inclusion of both feedback and self-gravity are crucial ingredients, as our test without feedback failed to reproduce all of the observables. Finally, even though the transition from H2 to CO seems to be robust, we find that all models seem to underproduce molecular gas, and have a lower molecular to atomic gas fraction than is observed. Nevertheless, our fiducial model with feedback and self-gravity has shown to be robust in reproducing the statistical properties of the basic molecular gas components of the ISM in our Galaxy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 00358711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 October 2017
Date of Acceptance: 4 December 2014
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 21:28

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