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Trauma exposure and undetected Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among adults with a mental disorder

Lewis, Catrin ORCID:, Raisanen, Lawrence, Bisson, Jonathan Ian ORCID:, Jones, Ian R. ORCID: and Zammit, Stanley ORCID: 2017. Trauma exposure and undetected Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among adults with a mental disorder. Depression and Anxiety 35 (2) , pp. 178-184. 10.1002/da.22707

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Background Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among individuals with a mental disorder, but symptoms often go undetected and untreated. Methods The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PTSD among a large sample of adults with psychiatric diagnoses and to establish factors associated with symptoms going undetected. Participants were 1,946 adults recruited by the National Centre for Mental Health. Structured interviews and validated self-report questionnaires were used to ascertain clinical and demographic information for analysis. Results The prevalence of participants screening positive for PTSD that had not been detected by clinical services was 13.9% [12.4–15.5%, 95% confidence interval]). Factors associated with undetected PTSD were female gender, younger age of first contact with psychiatric services, and lower household income. Especially, poor rates of detection were observed after traumatic events, such as child abuse and sexual assault. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate the need for routine assessment of trauma histories and symptoms of PTSD among individuals with anymental disorder.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1091-4269
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 November 2017
Date of Acceptance: 8 October 2017
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2024 16:33

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