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Injury resulting from targeted violence: An emergency department perspective

Sivarajasingam, Vaseekaran ORCID:, Read, Simon, Svobodova, Martina ORCID:, Wight, Lucy and Shepherd, Jonathan ORCID: 2018. Injury resulting from targeted violence: An emergency department perspective. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 28 (3) , pp. 295-308. 10.1002/cbm.2066

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Background Hate crimes – those perpetrated because of perceived difference, including disability, race, religion, sexual orientation or transgender status – have not been studied at the point of the victim's hospital emergency department (ED) use. Aim To investigate the frequency, levels of physical harm and circumstances of targeted violence in those seeking treatment at EDs in three UK cities. Method In a multimethods study, face‐to‐face semi‐structured interviews were conducted with 124 adult ED attenders with violent injuries. Victim and perpetrator socio‐demographics were recorded. Patient narratives about perceived motives and circumstances were transcribed, uploaded onto NVivo for thematic analysis. Results Nearly a fifth (23, 18.5%) of the injured patients considered themselves to have been attacked by others motivated by hostility or prejudice to their ‘difference’ (targeted violence). Thematic analyses suggested these prejudices were to appearance (7 cases), racial tension (5 cases), territorial association (3 cases) and race, religious or sexual orientation (8 cases). According to victims, alcohol intoxication was particularly relevant in targeted violence (estimated reported frequency 90% and 56% for targeted and non‐targeted violence, respectively). Conclusions Our findings support a broader concept of hate victimisation and suggest that emergency room violence surveys could act as a community tension sensor and early warning system in this regard. Tackling alcohol misuse seems as important in this as in other forms of violence perpetration. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Healthcare Sciences
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
ISSN: 0957-9664
Date of Acceptance: 28 November 2017
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2022 10:20

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