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Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory

Dorrington, Iain, Fairhurst, Stephen ORCID:, Fauchon-Jones, Edward, Fays, Maxime, Hannam, Mark ORCID:, Hopkins, Paul ORCID:, Kalaghatgi, Chinmay ORCID:, London, Lionel ORCID:, Macas, Ronaldas, MacLeod, Duncan ORCID:, North, Christopher, Nuttall, Laura ORCID:, Pannarale Greco, Francesco ORCID:, Schutz, Bernard ORCID:, Sutton, Patrick ORCID:, Tiwari, Vaibhav, Usman, Samantha, Dooley, Katherine ORCID: and Grote, Hartmut ORCID: 2017. Search for high-energy neutrinos from binary neutron star merger GW170817 with ANTARES, IceCube, and the Pierre Auger Observatory. The Astrophysical Journal Letters 850 (2) , L35. 10.3847/2041-8213/aa9aed

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The Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo observatories recently discovered gravitational waves from a binary neutron star inspiral. A short gamma-ray burst (GRB) that followed the merger of this binary was also recorded by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (Fermi-GBM), and the Anti-Coincidence Shield for the Spectrometer for the International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL), indicating particle acceleration by the source. The precise location of the event was determined by optical detections of emission following the merger. We searched for high-energy neutrinos from the merger in the GeV–EeV energy range using the ANTARES, IceCube, and Pierre Auger Observatories. No neutrinos directionally coincident with the source were detected within ±500 s around the merger time. Additionally, no MeV neutrino burst signal was detected coincident with the merger. We further carried out an extended search in the direction of the source for high-energy neutrinos within the 14 day period following the merger, but found no evidence of emission. We used these results to probe dissipation mechanisms in relativistic outflows driven by the binary neutron star merger. The non-detection is consistent with model predictions of short GRBs observed at a large off-axis angle.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Additional Information: Please follow link to publisher page for full list of authors.
Publisher: IOP Publishing
ISSN: 2041-8205
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 January 2018
Date of Acceptance: 10 November 2017
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2024 04:58

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