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A genome-wide association study for corneal astigmatism: The CREAM Consortium

Shah, Rupal ORCID:, Li, Q, Zhao, W, Tedja, MS, Tideman, WL, Khawaja, A, Fan, Q, Yazar, S, Williams, KM, Verhoeven, VJM, Xie, J, Wang, YX, Hess, M, Nickels, S, Lackner, KJ, Pärssinen, O, Wedenoja, J, Biino, G, Concas, MP, Uitterlinden, A, Rivadeneira, F, Jaddoe, VWV, Hysi, PG, Sim, X, Tan, N, Tham, Y, Sensaki, S, Hofman, A, Vingerling, JR, Jonas, JB, Mitchell, P, Hammond, CJ, Höhn, R, Baird, PN, Wong, TY, Cheng, C, Teo, YY, Mackey, DA, Williams, C, Saw, S, Klaver, CCW, Guggenheim, Jeremy ORCID:, Bailey-Wilson, JE and The CREAM Consortium 2018. A genome-wide association study for corneal astigmatism: The CREAM Consortium. Molecular Vision 24 , pp. 127-142.

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Purpose: To identify genes and genetic markers associated with corneal astigmatism. Methods: A meta-analysis was performed of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of corneal astigmatism undertaken for 14 European ancestry (N = 22,250) and 8 Asian ancestry (N = 9,120) cohorts by the CREAM Consortium. Cases were defined as having >0.75 D of corneal astigmatism. For the meta-analysed results of European ancestry cohorts, subsequent gene-based and gene-set analyses were performed using VEGAS2 and MAGMA software. Additionally, estimates of SNP-based heritability for corneal and refractive astigmatism and spherical equivalent were calculated for Europeans using LD score regression. Results: Meta-analysis of all cohorts identified a genome-wide significant locus near the gene PDGFRA (platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha): top SNP: rs7673984, odds ratio = 1.12 (95% CI: 1.08-1.16), P = 5.55 x 10-9. No other genome-wide significant loci were identified in the combined analysis or European/Asian ancestry-specific analyses. Gene-based analysis identified 3 novel candidate genes for corneal astigmatism in Europeans: CLDN7 (claudin-7), ACP2 (acid phosphatase 2, lysosomal) and TNFAIP8L3 (TNF alpha induced protein 8 like 3). Conclusions: In addition to replicating a previously identified genome-wide significant locus for corneal astigmatism near the PDGFRA gene, gene-based analysis identified 3 novel candidate genes CLDN7, ACP2 and TNFAIP8L3 that warrant further investigation to understand their role in the pathogenesis of corneal astigmatism. The much lower number of genetic variants and genes demonstrating association with corneal astigmatism compared to published spherical equivalent GWAS analyses suggest a greater influence of rare genetic variants, non-additive genetic effects, or environmental factors to the development of astigmatism.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Publisher: Molecular Vision
ISSN: 1090-0535
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 3 January 2018
Last Modified: 30 May 2023 07:18

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