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Current practices in clinical neurofeedback with functional MRI—Analysis of a survey using the TIDieR checklist

Randell, Elizabeth ORCID:, McNamara, Rachel ORCID:, Subramanian, Leena, Hood, Kerenza ORCID: and Linden, David ORCID: 2018. Current practices in clinical neurofeedback with functional MRI—Analysis of a survey using the TIDieR checklist. European Psychiatry 50 , pp. 28-33. 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.10.011

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Background: A core principle of creating a scientific evidence base is that results can be replicated in independent experiments and in health intervention research. The TIDieR (Template for Intervention Description and Replication) checklist has been developed to aid in summarising key items needed when reporting clinical trials and other well designed evaluations of complex interventions in order that findings can be replicated or built on reliably. Neurofeedback (NF) using functional MRI (fMRI) is a multicomponent intervention that should be considered a complex intervention. The TIDieR checklist (with minor modification to increase applicability in this context) was distributed to NF researchers as a survey of current practice in the design and conduct of clinical studies. The aim was to document practice and convergence between research groups, highlighting areas for discussion and providing a basis for recommendations for harmonisation and standardisation. Methods: The TIDieR checklist was interpreted and expanded (21 questions) to make it applicable to neurofeedback research studies. Using the web-based Bristol Online Survey (BOS) tool, the revised checklist was disseminated to researchers in the BRAINTRAIN European research collaborative network (supported by the European Commission) and others in the fMRI-neurofeedback community. Results: There were 16 responses to the survey. Responses were reported under eight main headings which covered the six domains of the TIDieR checklist: What, Why, When, How, Where and Who. Conclusions: This piece of work provides encouraging insight into the ability to be able to map neuroimaging interventions to a structured framework for reporting purposes. Regardless of the considerable variability of design components, all studies could be described in standard terms of diagnostic groups, dose/duration, targeted areas/signals, and psychological strategies and learning models. Recommendations are made which include providing detailed rationale of intervention design in study protocols. Keywords: Psychiatric disorder; Neuroimaging; fMRI.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0924-9338
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 24 October 2017
Last Modified: 22 May 2024 01:57

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