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Genotype-phenotype correlation in NF1: evidence for a more severe phenotype associated with missense mutations affecting NF1 codons 844-848

Koczkowska, Magdalena, Chen, Yunjia, Callens, Tom, Gomes, Alicia, Sharp, Angela, Johnson, Sherrell, Hsiao, Meng-Chang, Chen, Zhenbin, Balasubramanian, Meena, Barnett, Christopher P., Becker, Troy A., Ben-Shachar, Shay, Bertola, Debora R., Blakeley, Jaishri O., Burkitt-Wright, Emma M.M., Callaway, Alison, Crenshaw, Melissa, Cunha, Karin S., Cunningham, Mitch, D'Agostino, Maria D., Dahan, Karin, De Luca, Alessandro, Destrée, Anne, Dhamija, Radhika, Eoli, Marica, Evans, D. Gareth R., Galvin-Parton, Patricia, George-Abraham, Jaya K., Gripp, Karen W., Guevara-Campos, Jose, Hanchard, Neil A., Hernández-Chico, Concepcion, Immken, LaDonna, Janssens, Sandra, Jones, Kristi J., Keena, Beth A., Kochhar, Aaina, Liebelt, Jan, Martir-Negron, Arelis, Mahoney, Maurice J., Maystadt, Isabelle, McDougall, Carey, McEntagart, Meriel, Mendelsohn, Nancy, Miller, David T., Mortier, Geert, Morton, Jenny, Pappas, John, Plotkin, Scott R., Pond, Dinel, Rosenbaum, Kenneth, Rubin, Karol, Russell, Laura, Rutledge, Lane S., Saletti, Veronica, Schonberg, Rhonda, Schreiber, Allison, Seidel, Meredith, Siqveland, Elizabeth, Stockton, David W., Trevisson, Eva, Ullrich, Nicole J., Upadhyaya, Meena, van Minkelen, Rick, Verhelst, Helene, Wallace, Margaret R., Yap, Yoon-Sim, Zackai, Elaine, Zonana, Jonathan, Zurcher, Vickie, Claes, Kathleen, Martin, Yolanda, Korf, Bruce R., Legius, Eric and Messiaen, Ludwine M. 2018. Genotype-phenotype correlation in NF1: evidence for a more severe phenotype associated with missense mutations affecting NF1 codons 844-848. American Journal of Human Genetics 102 (1) , pp. 69-87. 10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.12.001

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Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a common genetic disorder with a birth incidence of 1:2000-3000, is characterized by a highly variable clinical presentation. To date, only two clinically relevant intragenic genotype-phenotype correlations have been reported for NF1 missense mutations affecting p.Arg1809 and a single amino acid deletion p.Met922del. Both variants predispose to a distinct mild NF1 phenotype with neither externally visible cutaneous/plexiform neurofibromas nor other tumors. Here, we report 162 individuals (129 unrelated probands and 33 affected relatives) heterozygous for a constitutional missense mutation affecting one of five neighboring NF1 codons Leu844, Cys845, Ala846, Leu847 and Gly848, located in the Cysteine-Serine-Rich Domain (CSRD). Collectively, these recurrent missense mutations affect ~0.8% of unrelated NF1 mutation-positive probands in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) cohort. Major superficial plexiform neurofibromas and symptomatic spinal neurofibromas were more prevalent in these individuals compared with classic NF1 cohorts (both p<0.0001). Nearly half of the individuals had symptomatic or asymptomatic optic pathway gliomas and/or skeletal abnormalities. Additionally, variants in this region seem to confer a high predisposition to develop malignancies compared with the general NF1 population (p=0.0061). Our results demonstrate that these NF1 missense mutations, although located outside the GAP-related domain, may be an important risk factor for a severe presentation. A genotype-phenotype correlation at the NF1 region 844-848 exists and will be valuable in the management and genetic counseling of a significant number of individuals.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0002-9297
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 1 December 2017
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2023 05:40

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