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The challenge of mapping the human connectome based on diffusion tractography

Maier-Hein, Klaus H., Neher, Peter F., Houde, Jean-Christophe, Côté, Marc-Alexandre, Garyfallidis, Eleftherios, Zhong, Jidan, Chamberland, Maxime ORCID:, Yeh, Fang-Cheng, Lin, Ying-Chia, Ji, Qing, Reddick, Wilburn E., Glass, John O., Chen, David Qixiang, Feng, Yuanjing, Gao, Chengfeng, Wu, Ye, Ma, Jieyan, He, Renjie, Li, Qiang, Westin, Carl-Fredrik, Deslauriers-Gauthier, Samuel, González, J. Omar Ocegueda, Paquette, Michael, St-Jean, Samuel, Girard, Gabriel, Rheault, François, Sidhu, Jasmeen, Tax, Chantal M. W. ORCID:, Guo, Fenghua, Mesri, Hamed Y., Dávid, Szabolcs, Froeling, Martijn, Heemskerk, Anneriet M., Leemans, Alexander, Boré, Arnaud, Pinsard, Basile, Bedetti, Christophe, Desrosiers, Matthieu, Brambati, Simona, Doyon, Julien, Sarica, Alessia, Vasta, Roberta, Cerasa, Antonio, Quattrone, Aldo, Yeatman, Jason, Khan, Ali R., Hodges, Wes, Alexander, Simon, Romascano, David, Barakovic, Muhamed, Auría, Anna, Esteban, Oscar, Lemkaddem, Alia, Thiran, Jean-Philippe, Cetingul, H. Ertan, Odry, Benjamin L., Mailhe, Boris, Nadar, Mariappan S., Pizzagalli, Fabrizio, Prasad, Gautam, Villalon-Reina, Julio E., Galvis, Justin, Thompson, Paul M., De Santiago Requejo, Francisco, Laguna, Pedro Luque, Lacerda, Luis Miguel, Barrett, Rachel, Dell'Acqua, Flavio, Catani, Marco, Petit, Laurent, Caruyer, Emmanuel, Daducci, Alessandro, Dyrby, Tim B., Holland-Letz, Tim, Hilgetag, Claus C., Stieltjes, Bram and Descoteaux, Maxime 2017. The challenge of mapping the human connectome based on diffusion tractography. Nature Communications 8 (1) , 1349. 10.1038/s41467-017-01285-x

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Tractography based on non-invasive diffusion imaging is central to the study of human brain connectivity. To date, the approach has not been systematically validated in ground truth studies. Based on a simulated human brain data set with ground truth tracts, we organized an open international tractography challenge, which resulted in 96 distinct submissions from 20 research groups. Here, we report the encouraging finding that most state-of-the-art algorithms produce tractograms containing 90% of the ground truth bundles (to at least some extent). However, the same tractograms contain many more invalid than valid bundles, and half of these invalid bundles occur systematically across research groups. Taken together, our results demonstrate and confirm fundamental ambiguities inherent in tract reconstruction based on orientation information alone, which need to be considered when interpreting tractography and connectivity results. Our approach provides a novel framework for estimating reliability of tractography and encourages innovation to address its current limitations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publisher: Nature Research
ISSN: 2041-1723
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 February 2018
Date of Acceptance: 1 September 2017
Last Modified: 06 May 2023 21:17

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