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Porous metallosilicates for heterogeneous, liquid-phase catalysis: perspectives and pertaining challenges

Hammond, Ceri ORCID:, Padovan, Daniele and Tarantino, Giulia 2018. Porous metallosilicates for heterogeneous, liquid-phase catalysis: perspectives and pertaining challenges. Royal Society Open Science 5 (2) , 171315. 10.1098/rsos.171315

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Porous silicates containing dilute amounts of tri-, tetraand penta-valent metal sites, such as TS-1, Sn-β and Fe- ZSM-5, have recently emerged as state of the art catalysts for a variety of sustainable chemical transformations. In contrast with their aluminosilicate cousins, which are widely employed throughout the refinery industry for gas-phase catalytic transformations, such metallosilicates have exhibited unprecedented levels of performance for a variety of liquidphase catalytic processes, including the conversion of biomass to chemicals, and sustainable oxidation technologies with H2O2. However, despite their unique levels of performance for these new types of chemical transformations, increased utilization of these promising materials is complicated by several factors. For example, their utilization in a liquid, and often polar, medium hinders process intensification (scaleup,catalyst deactivation). Moreover, such materials do not generally exhibit the active-site homogeneity of conventional aluminosilicates, and they typically possess a wide variety of active-site ensembles, only some of which may be directly involved in the catalytic chemistry of interest. Consequently,mechanistic understanding of these catalysts remains relatively low, and competitive reactions are commonly observed. Accordingly, unified approaches towards developing more active, selective and stable porous metallosilicates have not yet been achieved. Drawing on some of the most recent literature in the field, the purpose of this mini review is both to highlight the breakthroughs made with regard to the use of porous metallosilicates as heterogeneous catalysts for liquidphase processing, and to highlight the pertaining challenges that we, and others, aim to overcome during the forthcoming years.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: The Royal Society
ISSN: 2054-5703
Funders: Royal Society
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 March 2018
Date of Acceptance: 4 January 2018
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 13:14

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