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Clinical and molecular consequences of disease-associated de novo mutations in SATB2

Bengani, Hemant, Handley, Mark, Alvi, Mohsan, Ibitoye, Rita, Lees, Melissa, Lynch, Sally Ann, Lam, Wayne, Fannemel, Madeleine, Nordgren, Ann, Malmgren, H., Kvarnung, M., Mehta, Sarju, McKee, Shane, Whiteford, Margo, Stewart, Fiona, Connell, Fiona, Clayton-Smith, Jill, Mansour, Sahar, Mohammed, Shehla, Fryer, Alan, Morton, Jenny, Grozeva, Detelina, Asam, Tara, Moore, David, Sifrim, Alejandro, McRae, Jeremy, Hurles, Matthew E., Firth, Helen V., Raymond, F. Lucy, Kini, Usha, Nellaker, Christoffer and FitzPatrick, David R. 2017. Clinical and molecular consequences of disease-associated de novo mutations in SATB2. Genetics in Medicine 19 (8) , pp. 900-908. 10.1038/gim.2016.211

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Purpose: To characterize features associated with de novo mutations affecting SATB2 function in individuals ascertained on the basis of intellectual disability. Methods: Twenty previously unreported individuals with 19 different SATB2 mutations (11 loss-of-function and 8 missense variants) were studied. Fibroblasts were used to measure mutant protein production. Subcellular localization and mobility of wild-type and mutant SATB2 were assessed using fluorescently tagged protein. Results: Recurrent clinical features included neurodevelopmental impairment (19/19), absent/near absent speech (16/19), normal somatic growth (17/19), cleft palate (9/19), drooling (12/19), and dental anomalies (8/19). Six of eight missense variants clustered in the first CUT domain. Sibling recurrence due to gonadal mosaicism was seen in one family. A nonsense mutation in the last exon resulted in production of a truncated protein retaining all three DNA-binding domains. SATB2 nuclear mobility was mutation-dependent; p.Arg389Cys in CUT1 increased mobility and both p.Gly515Ser in CUT2 and p.Gln566Lys between CUT2 and HOX reduced mobility. The clinical features in individuals with missense variants were indistinguishable from those with loss of function. Conclusion: SATB2 haploinsufficiency is a common cause of syndromic intellectual disability. When mutant SATB2 protein is produced, the protein appears functionally inactive with a disrupted pattern of chromatin or matrix association.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1098-3600
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 29 August 2018
Date of Acceptance: 1 November 2016
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2018 09:34

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