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Unravelling factors affecting directed lithiation of acylamino­aromatics

Smith, Keith, Alshammari, Mohammed and El-Hiti, Gamal 2018. Unravelling factors affecting directed lithiation of acylamino­aromatics. Synthesis 50 (18) , pp. 3634-3652. 10.1055/s-0036-1591954

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Ureas, pivalamides, and carbamates are widely used as directing metalation groups (DMGs) due to their good directing ability, low cost, ease of access, and ease of removal. Lithiation of substituted benzenes having such directing metalation groups using various alkyllithiums in anhydrous solvent at low temperature provides the corresponding lithium intermediates, but lithiation may take place at various sites. Reactions of the lithium reagents obtained in situ with various electrophiles give the corresponding derivatives, typically substituted at the site(s) where initial lithiation occurred, often in high yields. However, it is often difficult to predict what reagents and/or conditions might be needed to give specific products or to draw general conclusions about the factors that influence the reactions, especially when the reagents, temperature, and solvents used in reported reactions are not directly comparable. In this review, therefore, we attempt to unravel the various factors that influence the lithiation of various simple aromatic compounds containing urea, pivalamide, and carbamate groups.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Thieme Publishing / Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN: 0039-7881
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 April 2018
Date of Acceptance: 22 March 2018
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 18:54

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