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Deepwater circulation on Blake Outer Ridge (western North Atlantic) during the Holocene, Younger Dryas, and Last Glacial Maximum

Evans, Helena K. and Hall, Ian Robert ORCID: 2008. Deepwater circulation on Blake Outer Ridge (western North Atlantic) during the Holocene, Younger Dryas, and Last Glacial Maximum. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 9 (3) , Q03023. 10.1029/2007GC001771

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Three depth transects containing a total of 33 sediment cores were investigated along the Blake Outer Ridge in the western subtropical North Atlantic. Sortable silt mean () grain size and stable isotope records were used to assess the position and relative intensity of the Western Boundary Undercurrent (WBUC) during the Holocene, the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), and the Younger Dryas (YD) intervals. The Holocene reconstruction is consistent with modern physical and chemical hydrographic measurements in the area, suggesting a deep position for the fast flowing core of the WBUC (3000–4000 m, deepening to ∼4500 m water depth on the ridge flanks) and a water column dominated by North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW). The LGM and YD reconstructions show that a comparable hydrographic regime was present during both these intervals, suggesting a similar mode of circulation that was appreciably different from the Holocene reconstruction. The WBUC's zone of maximum flow speed during these intervals is suggested to have shifted above 2500 m water depth, consistent with nutrient depleted Glacial North Atlantic Intermediate Water formation with an increasing influence of Southern Source Water (SSW) beneath. Below 4000 m water depth, results hint at increased SSW flow vigor during both the LGM and YD with higher flow speeds than during the Holocene. This study provides a framework for aiding the interpretation of time series records of paleocurrent flow speed changes in the region of the WBUC.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Western Boundary Undercurrent; sortable silt; Holocene; Last Glacial Maximum; Younger Dryas
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at (accessed 20/02/2014).
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
ISSN: 1525-2027
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 12:48

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