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Coordinated control for EV aggregators and power plants in frequency regulation considering time-varying delays

Jia, Hongjie, Li, Xiaomeng, Mu, Yunfei, Xu, Chen, Jiang, Yilang, Yu, Xiaodan, Wu, Jianzhong ORCID: and Dong, Chaoyu 2018. Coordinated control for EV aggregators and power plants in frequency regulation considering time-varying delays. Applied Energy 210 , pp. 1363-1376. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.05.174

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Nowadays, large scale intermittent renewable energy is being integrated to power systems as a solution for the low-carbon development worldwide. With the increasing penetration of renewable power generation, system frequency stability is becoming more and more serious. To increase the utilization of renewable energy, electric vehicles (EVs) are suggested to participate in load frequency control (LFC) through aggregators due to their vehicle-to-grid (V2G) capability and quick response characteristic, which is denoted as EV-LFC controller in this paper. In order to fully take the advantages of EVs in the LFC, this paper presents a coordinated control strategy between EV-LFC controller and traditional power plants based LFC (PP-LFC) controller for frequency regulation. In this strategy, the EV-LFC has a priority in response than the PP-LFC when the system deviation violates its acceptable range. However, the LFC integrating EVs is with inevitable time delays due to the data and control signal transmission. Meanwhile, the system inertia uncertainty caused by renewable energy in power system may also cause instability problem. For this reason, an improved robust stability criterion is proposed to estimate the asymptotically stable for LFC system considering the inertia uncertainty and time-varying delays simultaneously. Additionally, a PI controller for EV-LFC controller is used to enhance the system frequency stability. Finally, the effect of increasing EVs number on the frequency stability is investigated, which may guide system operator to utilize EVs to the LFC properly. Case studies are carried out based on a simplified Great Britain (GB) power system. Simulation results show that the proposed coordination strategy can not only provide effective frequency regulation, but also reduce the output of traditional power plants, in which the inertia uncertainty and time delays are properly considered.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0306-2619
Date of Acceptance: 26 May 2017
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2022 14:24

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