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DARPin-assisted crystallography of the CC2-LZ domain of NEMO reveals a coupling between dimerization and ubiquitin binding

Grubisha, Olivera ORCID:, Kaminska, Monika, Duquerroy, Stéphane, Fontan, Elisabeth, Cordier, Florence, Haouz, Ahmed, Raynal, Bertrand, Chiaravalli, Jeanne, Delepierre, Muriel, Israël, Alain, Véron, Michel and Agou, Fabrice 2010. DARPin-assisted crystallography of the CC2-LZ domain of NEMO reveals a coupling between dimerization and ubiquitin binding. Journal of Molecular Biology 395 (1) , pp. 89-104. 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.10.018

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NEMO is an integral part of the IκB kinase complex and serves as a molecular switch by which the NF-κB signaling pathway can be regulated. Oligomerization and polyubiquitin (poly-Ub) binding, mediated through the regulatory CC2-LZ domain, were shown to be key features governing NEMO function, but the relationship between these two activities remains unclear. In this study, we solved the structure of this domain in complex with a designed ankyrin repeat protein, which helps its crystallization. We generated several NEMO mutants in this domain, including those associated with human diseases incontinentia pigmenti and immunodeficiency with or without anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. Analytical ultracentrifugation and thermal denaturation experiments were used to evaluate the dimerization properties of these mutants. A fluorescence-based assay was developed, as well, to quantify the interaction to monoubiquitin and poly-Ub chains. Moreover, the effect of these mutations was investigated for the full-length protein. We show that a proper folding of the ubiquitin-binding domain, termed NOA/UBAN/NUB, into a stable coiled-coil dimer is required but not sufficient for efficient interaction with poly-Ub. In addition, we show that binding to poly-Ub and, to a lesser extent, to monoubiquitin increases the stability of the NOA coiled-coil dimer. Collectively, these data provide structural insights into how several pathological mutations within and outside of the CC2-LZ's NOA ubiquitin binding site affect IκB kinase activation in the NF-κB signaling pathway

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-2836
Date of Acceptance: 8 October 2009
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 07:01

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