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Suppressing spatiotemporal lasing instabilities with wave-chaotic microcavities

Bittner, Stefan, Guazzotti, Stefano, Zeng, Yongquan, Hu, Xiaonan, Ylmaz, Hasan, Kim, Kyungduk, Oh, Sang Soon ORCID:, Wang, Qi Jie, Hess, Ortwin and Cao, Hui 2018. Suppressing spatiotemporal lasing instabilities with wave-chaotic microcavities. Science 361 (6408) , pp. 1225-1231. 10.1126/science.aas9437

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Spatiotemporal instabilities are widespread phenomena resulting from complexity and nonlinearity. In broad-area edge-emitting semiconductor lasers, the nonlinear interactions of multiple spatial modes with the active medium can result in filamentation and spatiotemporal chaos. These instabilities degrade the laser performance and are extremely challenging to control. We demonstrate a powerful approach to suppress spatiotemporal instabilities using wave-chaotic or disordered cavities. The interference of many propagating waves with random phases in such cavities disrupts the formation of self-organized structures like filaments, resulting in stable lasing dynamics. Our method provides a general and robust scheme to prevent the formation and growth of nonlinear instabilities for a large variety of high-power lasers.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN: 0036-8075
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 August 2018
Date of Acceptance: 1 August 2018
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2023 13:34

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