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Seasonal variation of vitamin D and serum thyrotropin levels and its relationship in a euthyroid caucasian population

Das, Gautam, Taylor, Peter N. ORCID:, Javaid, Heather, Tennant, Brian P., Geen, John, Aldridge, Andrew and Okosieme, Onyebuchi 2018. Seasonal variation of vitamin D and serum thyrotropin levels and its relationship in a euthyroid caucasian population. Endocrine Practice 24 (1) , pp. 53-59. 10.4158/EP-2017-0058

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Objective: It is unclear whether seasonal variations in vitamin D concentrations affect the hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid axis. We investigated the seasonal variability of vitamin D and serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels and their interrelationship. Methods: Analysis of 401 patients referred with nonspecific symptoms of tiredness who had simultaneous measurements of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25[OH]D3) and thyroid function. Patients were categorized according to the season of blood sampling and their vitamin D status. Results: 25(OH)D3 levels were higher in spring-summer season compared to autumn-winter (47.9 ± 22.2 nmol/L vs. 42.8 ± 21.8 nmol/L; P = .02). Higher median (interquartile range) TSH levels were found in autumn-winter (1.9 [1.2] mU/L vs. 1.8 [1.1] mU/L; P = .10). Across different seasons, 25(OH)D3 levels were observed to be higher in lower quartiles of TSH, and the inverse relationship was maintained uniformly in the higher quartiles of TSH. An independent inverse relationship could be established between 25(OH)D3 levels and TSH by regression analysis across both season groups (autumn-winter: r = −0.0248; P<.00001 and spring-summer: r = −0.0209; P<.00001). We also observed that TSH varied according to 25(OH)D3 status, with higher TSH found in patients with vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency in comparison to patients who had sufficient or optimal levels across different seasons. Conclusion: Our study shows seasonal variability in 25(OH)D3 production and TSH secretion in euthyroid subjects and that an inverse relationship exists between them. Further studies are needed to see if vitamin D replacement would be beneficial in patients with borderline thyroid function abnormalities.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
ISSN: 1530-891X
Date of Acceptance: 4 October 2017
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 07:12

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