Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

EspM2 is a RhoA guanine nucleotide exchange factor

Arbeloa, Ana, Garnett, James, Lillington, James, Bulgin, Richard R., Berger, Cedric N. ORCID:, Lea, Susan M., Matthews, Steve and Frankel, Gad 2010. EspM2 is a RhoA guanine nucleotide exchange factor. Cellular Microbiology 12 (5) , pp. 654-664. 10.1111/j.1462-5822.2009.01423.x

Full text not available from this repository.


We investigated how the type III secretion system WxxxE effectors EspM2 of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli, which triggers stress fibre formation, and SifA of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, which is involved in intracellular survival, modulate Rho GTPases. We identified a direct interaction between EspM2 or SifA and nucleotide‐free RhoA. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy revealed that EspM2 has a similar fold to SifA and the guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) effector SopE. EspM2 induced nucleotide exchange in RhoA but not in Rac1 or H‐Ras, while SifA induced nucleotide exchange in none of them. Mutating W70 of the WxxxE motif or L118 and I127 residues, which surround the catalytic loop, affected the stability of EspM2. Substitution of Q124, located within the catalytic loop of EspM2, with alanine, greatly attenuated the RhoA GEF activity in vitro and the ability of EspM2 to induce stress fibres upon ectopic expression. These results suggest that binding of SifA to RhoA does not trigger nucleotide exchange while EspM2 is a unique Rho GTPase GEF.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Wiley: 12 months
ISSN: 1462-5814
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 07:21

Citation Data

Cited 44 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item