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A Bayesian model of perceived head-centered velocity during smooth pursuit eye movement

Freeman, Tom C. A. ORCID:, Champion, Rebecca Anne and Warren, Paul Antony 2010. A Bayesian model of perceived head-centered velocity during smooth pursuit eye movement. Current Biology 20 (8) , pp. 757-762. 10.1016/j.cub.2010.02.059

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During smooth pursuit eye movement, observers often misperceive velocity. Pursued stimuli appear slower (Aubert-Fleishl phenomenon [ [1] and [2] ]), stationary objects appear to move (Filehne illusion [3]), the perceived direction of moving objects is distorted (trajectory misperception [4]), and self-motion veers away from its true path (e.g., the slalom illusion [5]). Each illusion demonstrates that eye speed is underestimated with respect to image speed, a finding that has been taken as evidence of early sensory signals that differ in accuracy [ [4] , [6] , [7] , [8] , [9] , [10] and [11] ]. Here we present an alternative Bayesian account, based on the idea that perceptual estimates are increasingly influenced by prior expectations as signals become more uncertain [ [12] , [13] , [14] and [15] ]. We show that the speeds of pursued stimuli are more difficult to discriminate than fixated stimuli. Observers are therefore less certain about motion signals encoding the speed of pursued stimuli, a finding we use to quantify the Aubert-Fleischl phenomenon based on the assumption that the prior for motion is centered on zero [ [16] , [17] , [18] , [19] and [20] ]. In doing so, we reveal an important property currently overlooked by Bayesian models of motion perception. Two Bayes estimates are needed at a relatively early stage in processing, one for pursued targets and one for image motion.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: SYSNEURO
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0960-9822
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2022 12:53

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