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Advanced Doherty power amplifier design for modern communication systems

Kamarudin, Syalwani 2018. Advanced Doherty power amplifier design for modern communication systems. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Mobile communication technologies are becoming increasingly sophisticated and have experienced rapid evolution over the last few decades, and this is especially true for the base station transmitter. In response to the ever increasing demand in communication traffic and data throughput, largely driven by video based social media platforms, both spectral and power efficient device and systems are needed to fulfil the requirements. In terms of energy consumption, the power amplifier is an important component, and although developing efficient technologies for handset equipment is important, it is the base station element of the communications system that poses the greater challenge, having to deal with many channels simultaneously, resulting in the need to linearly and efficiently amplify highly dynamic phase and amplitude modulated signals possessing very large peak-to-average power ratios, at high power levels. This unique set of challenges has led to continuous research to improve the efficiency of amplifiers that can accommodate such signals, and the Doherty architecture has now become the architecture-of-choice. However, most of the previous research studies demonstrate Doherty performance enhancement through a ‘conventional’ design approach that uses one input source and a passive power splitter to deliver power to each half of the Doherty structure. They do not emphasize the additional efficiency and other performance improvements that are possible in Doherty amplifiers when using two different, independent and phase coherent input sources, attached to the input path of both main and auxiliary amplifiers. IV The novel research work presented in this thesis introduces an optimised design approach for Doherty amplifier architectures with individual input sources, as well as detailing a measurement architecture that is necessary to characterise such structures, using separate, phase-coherent input sources in a realistic measurement scenario. Finally, following extensive characterisation of a number of promising architectures, investigations around efficiency enhancement are focused around the adaption of gate bias applied to the auxiliary amplifier device, and identifying, for the first time, what is possible by generating different shaping functions that relate bias voltage to the magnitude of the input signal. One completely new area of research and novelty introduced in this work for example shows how choosing the right shaping function can give improved linearity and importantly linearisability by producing a flat gain over dynamic range. Note that linearisability is important, and is defined here as the term used to describe the ease with which the non-linearities of a device or power amplifier can be corrected. It is often assumed in power amplifier design that efficiency and power are the most important parameters, and that modern digital pre-distortion (DPD) techniques can easily correct any non-linearity that may result. Industry is now finding that this is not the case however, and the type and nature of the non-linearity in terms to AM-AM and AM-PM distortion is very important in determining of the degree of linearization possible.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Syalwani; Doherty Power Amplifier.
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 September 2018
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2022 02:10

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