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Cost-effective sampling of 137Cs-derived net soil redistribution: part 1- estimating the spatial mean across scales of variation

Li, Y., Chappell, A. ORCID:, Nyamdavaa, B., Yu, H., Davaasuren, D. and Zoljargal, K. 2015. Cost-effective sampling of 137Cs-derived net soil redistribution: part 1- estimating the spatial mean across scales of variation. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 141 , pp. 97-105. 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.12.007

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The 137Cs technique for estimating net time-integrated soil redistribution is valuable for understanding the factors controlling soil redistribution by all processes. The literature on this technique is dominated by studies of individual fields and describes its typically time-consuming nature. We contend that the community making these studies has inappropriately assumed that many 137Cs measurements are required and hence estimates of net soil redistribution can only be made at the field scale. Here, we support future studies of 137Cs-derived net soil redistribution to apply their often limited resources across scales of variation (field, catchment, region etc.) without compromising the quality of the estimates at any scale. We describe a hybrid, design-based and model-based, stratified random sampling design with composites to estimate the sampling variance and a cost model for fieldwork and laboratory measurements. Geostatistical mapping of net (1954–2012) soil redistribution as a case study on the Chinese Loess Plateau is compared with estimates for several other sampling designs popular in the literature. We demonstrate the cost-effectiveness of the hybrid design for spatial estimation of net soil redistribution. To demonstrate the limitations of current sampling approaches to cut across scales of variation, we extrapolate our estimate of net soil redistribution across the region, show that for the same resources, estimates from many fields could have been provided and would elucidate the cause of differences within and between regional estimates. We recommend that future studies evaluate carefully the sampling design to consider the opportunity to investigate 137Cs-derived net soil redistribution across scales of variation

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0265-931X
Date of Acceptance: 14 December 2014
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 07:56

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