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IRES-driven translation is stimulated separately by the FMDV 3'-NCR and poly(A) sequences.

Lopez De Quinto, Sonia ORCID:, Sáiz, Margarita, De La Moreno, Diana, Sobrino, Francisco and Martinez-Salas, Encarnacion 2002. IRES-driven translation is stimulated separately by the FMDV 3'-NCR and poly(A) sequences. Nucleic Acids Research 30 (20) , pp. 4398-4405. 10.1093/nar/gkf569

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The 3′ end region of foot‐and‐mouth disease virus (FMDV) consists of two distinct elements, a 90 nt untranslated region (3′‐NCR) and a poly(A) tract. Removal of either the poly(A) tract or both the 3′‐NCR and the poly(A) tract abrogated infectivity in susceptible cells in the context of a full‐length cDNA clone. We have addressed the question of whether the impairment of RNA infectivity is related to defects at the translation level using a double approach. First, compared to the full‐length viral RNA, removal of the 3′ sequences reduced the efficiency of translation in vitro. Secondly, a stimulatory effect of the 3′ end sequences on IRES‐dependent translation was found in vivo using bicistronic constructs. RNAs carrying the FMDV 3′ end sequences linked to the second cistron showed a significant stimulation of IRES‐dependent translation, whereas cap‐dependent translation was not affected. Remarkably, IRES‐dependent stimulation exerted by the poly(A) tract or the 3′‐NCR seems to be the result of two separate events, as the 3′‐NCR alone enhanced IRES activity on its own. Under conditions of FMDV Lb protease‐induced translation shut‐off, the stimulation of IRES activity reached values above 6‐fold in living cells. A northern blot analysis indicated that IRES stimulation was not the consequence of a change in the stability of the bicistronic RNA produced in transfected cells. Analysis of the RNA‐binding proteins interacting with a mixture of 3′ end and IRES probes showed an additive pattern. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that individual signals in the viral 3′ end ensure stimulation of FMDV translation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0305-1048
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 08:49

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