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Information content analysis for a novel TES-based hyperspectral microwave atmospheric sounding instrument

Weber, Konradin, Picard, Richard H., Schäfer, Klaus, Kassianov, Evgueni I., Comerón, Adolfo, Goldie, David, Thomas, Chris, Withington, Stafford, Sudiwala, Rashmikant ORCID:, Orlando, Angiola ORCID:, Hargrave, Peter ORCID:, Havemann, Stephan and Dongre, Prateek Kumar 2018. Information content analysis for a novel TES-based hyperspectral microwave atmospheric sounding instrument. Presented at: SPIE Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XXIII, Berlin, Germany, 10-13 September 2018. Proceedings Volume 10786, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XXIII;. , vol.107860 SPIE, p. 7. 10.1117/12.2500516

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In context of numerical weather prediction (NWP), increased usage of satellites radiance observations from passive microwave sensors have brought significant improvements in the forecast skills. In the infrared spectral region, hyperspectral sounder instruments such as IASI have already benefitted the NWP assimilation systems, but they are useful only under clear sky conditions. Currently, microwave instruments are providing wealth of information on clouds, precipitation and surface etc., but only with limited number of channels. Furthermore, due to limited number of channels and with poor signal-to-noise ratio, existing passive microwave sensors have very poor resolution and accuracy. We are currently developing a new microwave instrument concept, based on superconducting filterbank spectrometers, which will enable high spectral resolution observations of atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles across the microwave/sub-millimeter wavelength region with photon-noise-limited sensitivity. This study aims at investigating the information content on temperature and water-vapour that could be provided by such a hyperspectral microwave instrument under clear sky-conditions. Here, we present a new concept of Transition Edge Sensors (TESs)-based hyperspectral microwave instrument for atmospheric sounding applications. In this study, for assessing the impact of hyperspectral sampling in microwave spectral region in clear sky-conditions, we have estimated the information content as standard figure of merit called as degrees of freedom for signal (DFS). The DFS for a set of temperature and humidity sounding channels (50-60 GHz, 118GHz and 183 GHz) have been analyzed under the linear optimal estimation theory framework.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: SPIE
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 December 2018
Date of Acceptance: 9 October 2018
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2022 08:19

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