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A high-resolution, dust-selected molecular cloud catalogue of M33, the Triangulum galaxy

Williams, Thomas G. ORCID:, Gear, Walter K. ORCID: and Smith, Matthew W. L. ORCID: 2019. A high-resolution, dust-selected molecular cloud catalogue of M33, the Triangulum galaxy. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 483 (4) , pp. 5135-5149. 10.1093/mnras/sty3437

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We present a catalogue of Giant Molecular Clouds (GMCs) in M33, extracted from cold dust continuum emission. Our GMCs are identified by computing dendrograms. We measure the spatial distribution of these clouds, and characterise their dust properties. Combining these measured properties with CO(J=2–1) and 21cm H i data, we calculate the gas-to-dust ratio (GDR) of these clouds, and from this compute a total cloud mass. In total, we find 165 GMCs with cloud masses in the range of 104-107 M⊙. We find that radially, log10(GDR) = −0.043( ± 0.038) R[kpc] + 1.88( ± 0.15), a much lower GDR than found in the Milky Way, and a correspondingly higher αCO factor. The mass function of these clouds follows a slope proportional to M−2.84, steeper than many previous studies of GMCs in local galaxies, implying that M33 is poorer at forming massive clouds than other nearby spirals. Whilst we can rule out interstellar pressure as the major contributing factor, we are unable to disentangle the relative effects of metallicity and H i velocity dispersion. We find a reasonably featureless number density profile with galactocentric radius, and weak correlations between galactocentric radius and dust temperature/mass. These clouds are reasonably consistent with Larson’s scaling relationships, and many of our sources are co-spatial with earlier CO studies. Massive clouds are identified at large galactocentric radius, unlike in these earlier studies, perhaps indicating a population of CO-dark gas dominated clouds at these larger distances.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 December 2018
Date of Acceptance: 13 December 2018
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 13:52

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