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Now listen to this! Evidence from a cross-spliced experimental design contrasting pressuring and supportive communications

Paulmann, Silke, Weinstein, Netta ORCID: and Zougkou, Konstantina 2019. Now listen to this! Evidence from a cross-spliced experimental design contrasting pressuring and supportive communications. Neuropsychologia 124 , pp. 192-201. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.12.011

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Motivating communications are a frequent experience within daily life. Recently, it has been found that two types of motivations are spoken with distinct tones of voices: control (pressure) is spoken with a low pitched, loud tone of voice, fast speech rate, and harsh sounding voice quality; autonomy (support) is spoken with a higher pitched, quieter tone of voice and a slower speech rate. These two motivational tones of voice also differentially impact listeners' well-being. Yet, little is known about the brain mechanisms linked to motivational communications. Here, participants were asked to listen to semantically identical sentences spoken in controlling, neutral, or autonomy-supportive prosody. We also presented cross-spliced versions of these sentences for maximum control over information presentation across time. Findings showed listeners quickly detected whether a speaker was providing support, being pressuring, or not using motivating tones at all. Also, listeners who are pressured do not seem to respond anew when a supportive motivational context arises, but those who had been supported are affected by a newly pressuring environment. Findings are discussed in light of motivational and prosody literatures, and in terms of significance for the role of motivational communications on behavior

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0028-3932
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 January 2019
Date of Acceptance: 14 December 2018
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2023 08:46

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